QIS Key Concepts for Early Learners: K-12 Framework

Middle School STEM

Incorporating QIS into Middle School STEM Classrooms

    Quantum information science leverages quantum mechanics to develop new capabilities in computing, sensing, and communications. In middle-school classrooms, there are many natural points of integration, such as probability, atomic structure, the nature of light, and computational thinking. The purpose of the QIS K-12 Key Concepts Middle-School Focus Group was to create an initial set of expectations and learning goals, which will be useful to curriculum developers and teachers seeking to develop lessons and activities for teaching QIS K12 Key Concepts.

    The focus group brought together a range of experts, including educators familiar with both teaching and research of related concepts at various levels. The members were:


    April Campbell

    Jennings Middle School

    Seffner, FL

    *John Donohue 

    Waterloo Institute for Quantum Computing


    *Emily Edwards

    University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

    Urbana, IL

    *Diana Franklin

    University of Chicago

    Chicago, IL

    Isabella Huang

    Summit Middle School

    Boulder, CO

    George Hunkele

    Harborside Middle School

    Milford, CT

    Tunde Kushimo

    Texas Tech University

    Lubbock, TX

    Shardae Monroe

    Sulphur Springs PK-8 Community Partnership School

    Tampa, FL

    Gwendolyn Morris

    Matawan Aberdeen Middle School

    Cliffwood, NJ

    Beverly Owens

    Cleveland Early College High School

    Shelby, NC

    Sharlyn Robin

    Stephen Decatur Middle School

    Clinton, MD

    Jeremy Schwartz

    University of Chicago Laboratory School

    Chicago, IL

    *Chandralekha Singh

    University of Pittsburgh

    Pittsburgh, PA

    Jennifer Smith

    Illinois Virtual Schools and Academy

    Mahomet, IL

    Anne Tabor-Morris

    Georgian Court University

    Lakewood, NJ

    Delonjie Tyson

    Hillsborough County 

    Tampa, FL

    Andrea Vode

    University of Chicago Laboratory Schools

    Chicago, IL

    Laura Von Staden

    Williams Middle Magnet

    Tampa, FL

    *Brent Yen

    University of Chicago

    Chicago, IL

    Liang Zeng

    The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

    Edinburg, TX

    *Designates working group leads, conveners, and/or framework editors.

    The output from this group was a series of expectations and outcomes for each QIS Key Concept. This initial framework is intended to evolve over time as quantum education for K-12 develops.


    Download the MS QIS Framework updated 12-7-2023

    Resources and Tools

    The resources in this repository are created and submitted by members of the quantum education community. We review them prior to posting and provide information on suitability for different audiences. We also note when teachers have either co-developed or reviewed the resource. Did we miss anything? Contact our team to let us know!



    qBraid.com offers an online platform for learning about quantum information and programming on quantum computers. It is targeted at different levels, spanning high school, undergraduate. For example, non-quantum learners may visit qbook.qbraid.com/learn to access an...

    read more
    Quantum Country

    Quantum Country

    This resource is an online self-guided set of essays about quantum computing, quantum mechanics, and other quantum topics. It is similar to an online textbook and includes some Q & A for the reader to help reinforce concepts. The authors describe the resource as...

    read more
    Quantum Computing Zines

    Quantum Computing Zines

    Zines are short, comic-book-style pamphlets that fit on an 8.5”x11” piece of paper and intended for general non-expert, informal learners. The zines cover a number of quantum computing topics ranging from superposition to quantum notation. These begin with analogies...

    read more